If we find out that a device on your network has a vulnerability, we’ll send you a letter or email to let you know. There are a number of common vulnerability types, and we’ll let you know which one is affecting your device in your notification.
If you have received a Network Vulnerability Alert from us, find your vulnerability type from the options below and follow the advice to resolve the issue.
A network vulnerability is a flaw or hole in a network, software or hardware that can be exploited by hackers to take over your machine or steal sensitive data.
If you have received a Network Vulnerability Alert, then it’s likely your device or network is compromised or misconfigured. That means it’s publicly accessible on the Internet. To protect yourself from hacking and other abuse, you should resolve the issue as soon as you can.
We work with a number of not-for-profit organisations across the banking industry and security sectors that collate information on devices across the Internet that appear to be compromised or misconfigured. If we are notified that a device on our network is vulnerable, we’ll let the user know by sending them a Network Vulnerability Alert.
There are a number of different vulnerability types that could be affecting your network – and we’ve explained some of the most common below. We’ll let you know which one is affecting your device in your notification.
Multicast DNS is commonly used to share music and video streaming services between devices on your home network. When exposed to the wider internet, it can be misused by third parties.
The easiest way to deal with a Multicast DNS vulnerability is to configure your firewall to block port 5353.
Unfortunately, NTP servers have a design flaw that can allow attackers to perform Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks against target machines. A remote attacker can leverage this flaw by sending a specially crafted request to an affected NTP server.
You can run the following command to check your server for the NTP Mode 6 & open NTP monlist vulnerabilities:
ntpq -c rv [IP]
If you see a response, your server may be used in attacks.
The easiest way to deal with the NTP vulnerability is to configure your firewall to block port 123. You should also upgrade your software to NTP-4.2.7p26 or later.
NetBIOS is used to share files and folders across a local network. Applications can also use NetBIOS to map a network, allowing messages to be sent to destination computers. Ports commonly used by NetBIOS can be exploited for abuse when exposed to the wider Internet.
To deal with the NTP vulnerability, configure your firewall to block port 135, 137 & 139.
NTP servers have a design flaw that can allow attackers to perform Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks against target machines. A remote attacker can take advantage of this flaw by sending a specially crafted request to an affected NTP server.
The easiest way to deal with the NTP vulnerability is to configure your firewall to block port 123.
A Domain Name System (DNS) is used by computers to convert domain names to an IP address. An open recursive DNS Resolver is a DNS server that has been opened to answer DNS queries from any computer system on the Internet. If configured incorrectly, these servers can be exploited to unwittingly participate in malicious activities.
The easiest way to deal with an Open DNS resolver is to set your firewall to block port 53 and prevent DNS queries from outside your home network.
If you must have a DNS resolver that answers to queries from the Internet, make sure your server is set to only accept traffic from IP addresses that need to use the server.
Quote of the Day (QOTD) is a computer service that does what it says on the tin – it provides a quote of the day to other devices. How this works is a device is configured to act as the QOTD server, responding to requests from other devices with the quotation. If a QOTD server is exposed to the internet, it might be flagged as a vulnerability alert since it can be used to participate in online abuse.
The easiest way to deal with a Quote of the Day vulnerability is to set your firewall to block port 17.
Memcached is a distributed memory object caching system, often used with web servers to alleviate database load. If configured incorrectly, it can be accessed by unauthorised third parties who may be able to access the data stored on the server and commit other abuse.
An open Memcached vulnerability can be resolved by setting your firewall to block the port the server is configured to use – this is usually UDP/TCP port 11211.
Portmapper (also known as RPC Bind or RPC Portmap) is a service used by computer systems to assist with networking tasks. Unfortunately, Portmapper currently has a bug that can allow remote third-party attackers to gain unauthorised access and perform Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks against target machines. A remote attacker can take advantage of this bug by sending a specially crafted request to an affected Portmapper server.
The easiest way to fix an open Portmapper vulnerability is to set your firewall to block UDP port 111.
Chargen (Character Generator Protocol) is intended for testing purposes. A system set up to act as a Chargen server responds to queries over port 19 by sending arbitrary characters to the connecting host and continues until the host closes the connection.
If the Chargen service is left enabled, it can be used to participate in online abuse.
The easiest way to fix an open Chargen vulnerability is to set your firewall to block UDP port 19.
TFTP is a service that allows for other devices on a network to remotely access files and folders on a device running the service without entering in login credentials. This service is designed only to be used on a small local network, such as your home, but when exposed to the wider Internet it can be misused by third parties to commit abuse.
You can resolve a TFTP vulnerability by configuring your firewall to block UDP port 69.
The Simple Service Discovery Protocol (SSDP) is often used for discovery of Plug & Play (UPnP) devices on a local network. This is commonly used by streaming services and games consoles to cast content between devices.
If you have an SSDP vulnerability, that means a third-party could use this protocol to gain unauthorized access to your network/devices for malicious purposes, such as Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks.
The easiest way to resolve a SSDP vulnerability is to configure your firewall to block port 1900.
An SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) are generally used to access or manage a device remotely on a computer network. If configured incorrectly, third parties may be able to use this protocol to gain unauthorised access to your network or devices for malicious purposes.
The easiest way to deal with SNMP threats and vulnerabilities is to set your firewall to block UDP ports 161 and 162.
Microsoft SQL is a database management system, and devices can use its Service Resolution Service to request details on the MS-SQL server running on a network. When exposed to the wider Internet, the Server Resolution Service can be used by a third party to commit abuse.
The easiest way to deal with an open MS-SQL vulnerability is to configure your firewall to block UDP port 1434
If you’ve received a Virtual Network Computing Server Notification, it means one of your devices might be running a Virtual Network Computing server that’s exposed to the wider internet. Because it’s not making use of encryption, that means any information being passed to and from your device could be accessed by a third party.
To resolve this issue, you can do one of the following:
Remote Desktop Protocol is a screen sharing system that allows computers to be accessed remotely from another device on the internet.
If you’ve received one of these notifications, a device on your network might be running a Remote Desktop Protocol server that’s exposed to the wider internet. Older versions of the protocol don’t use encryption, so any information being passed to and from your device could be accessed by a third party.
To fix this issue, you can do one of the following:
Need help resolving your Network Vulnerability? Check out the help and advice below to make sure your devices and network are safe and secure.
Most security vulnerabilities can be solved by simply blocking certain ports. To block traffic to specific port, do the following.
There are a few ways you can protect yourself from network vulnerabilities using the Hub’s firewall. You can check these out below:
Ensure Hub’s firewall is on: It is important to make sure all your devices are protected by a firewall. Usually, your router will have an in-built firewall – this is the case with the Virgin Media Super Hub and Hub 3. If you have specifically disabled the router’s Firewall, you’ll need activate and configure it so it blocks the vulnerable port.
Modem Mode: If your Hub is set to Modem Only mode, it’ll operate without a firewall, making your network much easier to access. When using this mode, you should make sure any device or router that’s connected to the Hub is protected by an active firewall of its own.
DMZ: The DMZ option feature allows a device using a specific local IP address on your home network bypass your Firewall settings. This might be necessary if you are using a device that has its own firewall configured. If you have a device configured in your firewall's DMZ that does not use its own firewall, you’ll need to disable this option immediately. Computers operating without a firewall are extremely vulnerable to attack as all ports are exposed to the wider internet.
To check if a device is configured in the DMZ on your Virgin Media Super Hub 1 or 2:
Usually, to resolve a network vulnerability you’ll need to block a specific port. You can find out which port you need to block by finding your network vulnerability type from the options above.
Blocking a vulnerable port will only stop traffic leaving or entering your home network through this port. Services that only use your internal home network should continue to work as normal.
When you know the affected port, you can block traffic to it by doing the following:
On the Hub 3
To close the vulnerable port on the Virgin Media Hub 3:
Third party routers
If you use a third-party router with the Virgin Media Super Hub or Hub 3, you’ll need to set your router's firewall so the vulnerable port can’t be accessed from outside of your local network. You can do this by blocking the port. If you need help blocking the port, check out the device’s manual or visit the manufacturer's support site.
The easiest way to check your device for viruses is using a virus scanner or online security package. You’ll simply need to run a full scan and the software will do the rest.
If you don’t have one already, why not sign up to Virgin Media Internet Security? You’ll pay nothing for 3 months then just £3 a month after that.
To get Virgin Media Internet Security, simply do the following:
If you’ve configured a Virtual Network Computing server on your device, we recommend you look for alternative solutions that have encryption, so your information is better protected. Or, you can take steps to ensure any traffic is sent over the Virtual Network Computing is encrypted.
While Virtual Network Computing does encrypt login credentials, all information after logging in is passed across in plain text. This means a malicious third party could access this data quite easily.
If you’ve configured a Remote Desktop Protocol server on a device in your home yourself, we suggest you update it to the latest version. This should include support for encryption. If you’re using the RDP server that comes with the Windows operating system, update to the latest version of Windows.
There’s lots you can do to protect your devices and network from vulnerabilities. Learn how to protect your computer. Or, get the latest on online security by visiting our blog.
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