How to deal with Fraudulent Calls & Vishing Scams


Tips for spotting and preventing scam calls.

What is Vishing?

Vishing scams use deception to get victims to reveal personal, sensitive, or confidential information over the phone. The fraudster will then use any sensitive information they get to impersonate the victim to buy goods that can quickly be converted to cash (mobile phones, vehicles, credit).

Vishing fraudsters will usually call claiming to be from a trusted source, such as a:

  • bank,
  • pension advisory service,
  • government department,
  • computer software organisation,
  • health service,
  • mobile phone retailer,
  • internet service provider

If you’ve received a scam calls from virgin media or any of the sources outlined above, you should always check that the call is genuine before giving any sensitive information over the phone. If you are suspicious, simply hang up and call the official number for the organisation the caller claims to be from (you can find this online), just to be certain.

Types of vishing scams

There are three common types of vishing scams. Let’s have a look at how these work, so you know how to avoid them.

How to spot a vishing scam

There are a few tell tale signs to look out for that can help prevent you from becoming a victim of vishing. Remember, genuine service providers such as your bank, internet providers or government departments (like HMRC) will never ask for sensitive information over a cold call. If you are, you should always hang up and call the organisation the person claims to be from on a number you know is official.

You should also be very wary about any pre-recorded messages asking you to call the number back, especially any that sound threatening. It’s very unlikely that a genuine service will contact you in this way, especially if you haven’t already been contacted about the matter in question. Again, if you receive this sort of call or voicemail, you should always hang up and call the organisation the message claims to be from on a trusted number.

How to protect yourself from vishing

If you ever receive a call from someone you think might not be genuine:

  • Always confirm the identity of the caller, take their name, company and contact details
  • If they are allegedly calling from Virgin Media, and you have a concern about their identity, inform them you will be hanging up and calling us directly to validate the call
  • Never provide financial details over the phone, unless you are 100% sure you know the caller
  • If in doubt, ask them to put the information in writing and end the call
  • Resist pressure - legitimate companies and charities will be happy to give you time to decide. It’s probably a scam if they demand that you act immediately or won’t take ‘no’ for an answer.
  • You can avail of blocking facilities that will help to keep you secure such as Call Line Identity (CLI) Blocking is a common feature on most modern day handsets or can alternatively be provided with the assistance of your Telecoms provider.

    If you have spoken to someone that you know believe to be fraudulent and have been asked to install computer software, here are some simple checks you can carry out:

  • Run a virus check on your computer
  • Remove any unwanted software that may have been installed
  • Report the fraudulent caller

Learn more about how to protect yourself from scams

How to remove software from your computer

During a vishing call, you may have asked to download and install software on to your computer. The software usually allows the caller to log in and control your computer remotely. If you did install anything, we highly recommend that you remove this software as soon as possible. You should also run a virus scan using your security software.

If you need to uninstall any software from your computer, the following guidelines may help.

How to recover after a vishing attack

How to check your computer for viruses

If you agreed to install anything during a vishing call, your computer could be infected with malicious software (malware). We recommend running a security scan on the machine as soon as possible. If you have security software already installed, there should be an option to Scan Now. Use this option to run a full scan of the system.

If you do not already have anti-virus software, check out Virgin Media Internet Security. This protects you and your family online anywhere, and on any device. You can download Virgin Media Internet Security from My Virgin Media.

Learn how to keep your online accounts secure

How to report a fraudulent call

If you have been a victim of fraud, call Action Fraud on 0300 123 2040 or visit the Action Fraud website. Action Fraud is the reporting centre for fraud and cybercrime in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Reports of fraud and any other financial crime in Scotland should be reported to Police via 101. However, if debit cards, online banking or cheques are involved in the scam your first step should be to contact your bank or credit card company.

Remember to record the time of the unsolicited contact, the name of the person contacting you and the contact method (telephone numbers or email contact details). All this will be helpful to any investigation.

For independent advice on protecting yourself online, check out Get Safe Online or the Ofcom website.

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